International students of Chinese descent have become common sights on American campuses. Ministry of Education figures reveal that, from 1978 to 2014, approximately 3.52 million students have gone outside of China for higher education, with 17% (secondmost) heading to the US. This article covers a report based on a job fair questionnaire and also on government figures on (1) how many students return to China to live and work and (2) their perspective on the value of their education.
This article contains a mixture of business and professional terminology. Learn how to describe yourself as an international student who’s looking for a job at a career fair in Chinese.
The article describes the concentration of returnees in Beijing, Shanghai and other “first-tier cities” (一线城市). These are cities that hold important positions in national politics and economics. They are highly attractive to young people, offering higher quality of life, more modern amenities, etc, though residency permits (hukou) for these cities are relatively scarce. The first-tier cities in mainland China (not including HK and Macau) are Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen.
Second-tier cities are those cities that are starting to develop, to have higher living standards. They include many cities that are large and well-known domestically. The numerical hierarchy continues downward with smaller and less economically vital cities.
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2 Click and Match
- (hǎiguī) students returning from abroad
- (mínyíng qǐyè) privately owned enterprise
- (chéngběn) costs
- (zhìkù) think tank
- (yǒuxiào) effective, valid
- (yǐnyòng) to quote, to cite
- (běntǔ) one’s native country
- (yán’gé) strict, rigorous
- (jiénéng) energy-saving
- (huánbǎo) environmental protection, environmentally friendly